Co-authored with Prof. Shai Shalev-Shwartz , CTO of Mobileye, an Intel company

Back in 2014, the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) set out six vehicle automation levels, known as J3016, and today is widely accepted as the standard across the industry¹. The classification is based on the division of the driving task between the automatic system and the human driver, rather than on safety requirements. At a time in which Level 3 systems are being introduced to the market, it is imperative that we specify the minimal requirements for a system design which ensures safety when emergency maneuvers might be…

Non-obvious implications of Safety on system architectural design

At the Consumer Electronics Show in January, we presented an unedited 25 minute-long video of a Mobileye self-driving car navigating the busy streets of Jerusalem. The video was published, first and foremost, for the sake of promoting transparency. We wanted to demonstrate the exceptional capabilities of our technology, but more importantly, to show the world how autonomous vehicles (AVs) operate so that society will come to trust them.

Continuing this effort, we are introducing today a new 40-minute unedited video of a drive comprising a small section from 160 miles of Jerusalem streets we use for our AV development. We…

Given the latest statistics, we predict that with a proper differential social distancing placing different guidelines on the low-risk group compared to the high-risk group one could maintain a working economy without quarantine and save a factor of 5 on mortality while not flooding the health system.

Amnon Shashua, Shai Shalev-Shwartz

Both authors are affiliated with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

In previous papers, we introduced a mixed-population SEIR model [7] that is aimed at predicting the expectation on the number of critical ICU beds needed to contain the peak of the outburst while in [6] we provided tight concentration bounds on the number of critical ICU beds. The underlying insight was that the population should be divided differentially into a low and high-risk group where the low-risk (people under the age of 65 without co-morbidities) would be subject to social distancing of a relatively ”generous” basic…

We propose an exit strategy from the COVID-19 lockdown, which is based on risk-sensitive levels of social distancing. At the heart of our approach is the realization that the most effective, yet limited in number, resources should protect those at high risk rather than applied uniformly across the population. By generalizing the SEIR model to mixed populations, and based on existing data in Israel, we present an analysis of the maximal load on the health system and the total mortality. We argue that risk-sensitive resource allocation combined with risk-sensitive levels of social distancing enables us to lower the overall mortality toll in parallel to the resumption of economic activity.

Amnon Shashua, Shai Shalev-Shwartz


The COVID-19 outbreak toolbox contains available, inexpensive and unlimited measures such as social distancing, hygiene and the use of facial masks. On the other hand, there are “finite resources”, the use of which is limited, such as PCR testing, technological systems for “closing the circuit” for detecting and quarantining infected persons through contact-tracing technologies, and quality epidemiological surveillance for quarantining people who have come into contact with verified infected individuals.

These limited resources are inherently expensive and are based on assumptions that only experience over time can calibrate. For example, the “closing the circuit” system is…

Shai Shalev-Shwartz, Amnon Shashua

Coronavirus illustration created at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

The authors wish to thank the faculty members of the computer science department of the Hebrew University, as well as to Prof. Peter Bartlett, Prof. Nir Friedman, Prof. Katrina Ligett, Prof. Nati Srebro, Prof. Herve Bercovier, and Dr. Renana Eitan for comments and feedback on earlier drafts of this paper.

In this article, we present an analysis of a risk-based selective quarantine model where the population is divided into low and high-risk groups. The high-risk group is quarantined until the low-risk group achieves herd-immunity. …

Amnon Shashua

CEO of Mobileye, SVP at Intel, Co-CEO of OrCam, Chairman of AI21labs & Sachs Prof. of Computer Science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store